Since ancient times the location of
L’Escala, at the southern edge of the , has been recognised as a strategic vantage point. Remember that it was the place chosen by the Roman army to disembark in 218 BC in the course of the Punic Wars, thus becoming the starting point for the Romanization of the Iberian Peninsula. Centuries later, a number of defensive towers like the Torre de Montgó, built in 1598, were raised as a defence against pirate attacks, until the period of bunker building began under the Republic and then in General Franco’s time. Bay of Roses
During World War II (1939-1945), the Spanish Dictatorship built L-6 battery, part of a series of the batteries in the north and south of the Bay of Roses in defence against a hypothetical allied assault.
The battery, now opens to tours, was built in the late 1940s as part of the defensive system prepared by the Mixed Artillery Committee of the Bay of Roses. It is one of four batteries that were installed in the mid-20th century to defend this stretch of coastline. The battery is divided into two sections, each comprising two bunkers positioned symmetrically at the west and east, and facing north and north-east. The western bunker contains a machine gun nest intended to cover the Bay of la Clota, which was the most suitable place for boats and other vessels to make landfall, before the port was built there.
The bunkers themselves were armed with four steel cannons used by the Spanish navy, slightly modified to serve as land-based defence. The intention was to defend against any landings on the shores of the Empordà region, and to fire at any landing craft or amphibious vehicles.
As to the political and strategic context at the time, its life was ephemeral despite its tardy installation. It was planned at a time when international pressure was unsettling the dictatorship, only to become obsolete in the 1950s with the
Cold War. The cannons quickly became useless and no longer remain.
The bunkers were restored with the support of the
Memorial Democràtic de la Generalitat de Catalunya, after many years of neglect and suffering numerous acts of hooliganism. The interior has been cleaned and repainted, and metal fences were erected to try to ensure that it remains in good condition.
The interest of this visit is not limited to its historical role, because these bunkers are located in an area of great natural beauty, part of the
Nature Park of Montgrí, the Medes Islands and the lower stretches of the river Ter. From there, the route includes a walk to explore the areas of les Planasses, el Bol Roig and el Salpatx.